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CSS Editorial Staff

International Standards Organizations (ISO)

International Standards Organizations (ISO)

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is a non-governmental agency focused on setting standards for countries worldwide. It is made up of 164 member countries and is the world’s largest developer of voluntary international standards. Each member country is represented in ISO by a standards body; the United States, for example, is represented by the American National

SIPOC Diagram

SIPOC Diagram

A SIPOC diagram is a process improvement tool used in the Six Sigma methodology and Lean manufacturing. It is used to identify all relevant elements of a process before any improvement project begins. SIPOC diagrams are most beneficial when used in the “define” step of the DMAIC cycle, before beginning a Kaizen event, or as the first

Fire Suppression System

Fire Suppression System

Fire suppression systems are the systems used to contain or extinguish fire in a building, typically used in rooms with valuable or critical equipment. When heat or smoke is detected, the system is immediately activated, and an extinguishing agent is released. A dry chemical or wet agent (or a combination of the two) fills the

Eye Wash Stations

Eye Wash Stations

The eyes are one of the most sensitive organs in the body, with permanent damage occurring in a matter of seconds. In order to protect workers from an accidental splash into the eye, facilities with hazardous chemicals must maintain eyewash stations in the workplace. Eyewash stations are easily accessible and allow workers to quickly flush out

Cleanroom

Cleanroom

Simply speaking, cleanrooms are spaces designed to be free from impurities. These rooms are found in research labs, industrial production facilities, and in the manufacturing of pharmaceutical items and microprocessors. Cleanrooms are controlled environments with a low level of pollutants and a controlled level of contamination used where particles and unpredictable airflows can negatively impact the manufacturing

Hearing Protection

Hearing Protection

Workplaces producing excessive noise (either sudden or continuous) can injure workers and even lead to permanent hearing damage. In order to reduce the hazard, engineering controls, new work procedures, and administrative controls should all be considered. If there is no way to eliminate the dangerous of levels of noise in the facility, employer will need to

Fall Protection

Fall Protection

Falls are one of the most common causes of serious injuries and deaths in the workplace, according to OSHA. However, OSHA’s fall protection standard for the construction industry and the standard for fall protection training were both among the top ten most frequently cited standards for the fiscal year of 2018. Because of how dangerous falls

AED

AED

Automated external defibrillators (AEDs), are electronic medical devices used to deliver an electric shock to restore heart rhythm for victims of sudden cardiac arrest caused by ventricular fibrillation. The heart stops during a sudden cardiac arrest and the minutes following are absolutely critical. OSHA estimates that waiting for emergency medical systems or personnel to arrival results in

First Aid Kit

First Aid Kit

Having a well-stocked first aid kit is essential for any occupational safety program. OSHA has not set what specifically is required in a first aid kit but does state that “adequate first aid supplies shall be readily available.” This means the kit stored on hand should reflect the kinds of injuries happening in that facility,

Eye Injuries in the Workplace

Eye Injuries in the Workplace

Eye Injuries in the Workplace 1000 eye injuries occur every day in U.S. workplaces, according to OSHA estimates. Injuries range from eye strain to severe trauma that can cause permanent damage, vision loss, & blindness. 40% occur in the construction, manufacturing, and mining industries. $300 million cost per year in lost productivity, treatment, and compensation.

HAZWOPER

HAZWOPER

HAZWOPER is the acronym for the OSHA standard that regulates hazardous waste operations and emergency response. A toxic chemical or substance that is accidentally released can have a serious and lasting impact on workers, and this standard works to establish safe practices in these situations. A major element of the HAZWOPER standard is training. If an emergency

Safety Data Sheets (SDS)

Safety Data Sheets (SDS)

Safety Data Sheets, abbreviated to SDS, are a requirement of OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard for communication important information about a chemical. Chemical manufacturers, distributors, and importers must provide an SDS for each hazardous substance that is sent out. Prior to OSHA’s alignment with the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals, the required documentation was

Process Safety Management (PSM)

Process Safety Management (PSM)

Process safety management (PSM) is an OSHA requirement (29 CFR 1910.119) for the safe management of highly hazardous chemicals. Highly hazardous chemicals are a list of substances determined by OSHA and the Environmental Protection Agency that have the potential to cause a catastrophic event. Because of their toxic, flammable, reactive, or explosive nature, OSHA has

Hierarchy of Controls

Hierarchy of Controls

Controlling hazards is of the utmost importance in occupational safety and the hierarchy of controls provides an effective framework for creating a hazard control plan. The hierarchy has five levels of hazard control efforts ranging from the most effective solution down to least effective and is defined by NIOSH as a way to achieve a

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