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CSS Editorial Staff

Process Flow

Process Flow

Process flow, also known as PFD’s (Process Flow Diagrams) work as road maps for chemical processes as well as multiple different engineering disciplines. They are essentially complicated flow charts describing certain functions, large equipment, etc. Process Flow Diagrams often include the following: Process flow directions Major equipment information and what is used in different stages of production Piping

Hoshin Planning

Hoshin Planning

Hoshin Kanri loosely translates as “the management of objectives” or “compass management” and is often used interchangeably with Hoshin planning. As a part of the lean manufacturing family, Hoshin is a goal centered strategy that relies on a catchball planning system in which management and employees discuss ideas and company needs together. It is also seen

Environment, Health, and Safety (EHS)

Environment, Health, and Safety (EHS)

EHS stands for Environment, Health, and Safety. Many companies have an EHS program where EHS leaders formulate appropriate practices to comply with OSHA laws that ultimately keep employees and the public safe from various hazards. EHS is a discipline rather than an authority like OSHA, for this reason, there have been quite a few renditions of its

National Safety Council (NSC)

National Safety Council (NSC)

The National Safety Council (NSC) is a nonprofit organization whose mission is to bring the number of preventable deaths in the United States down to zero. These deaths occur in communities and homes, on the road, and at work. Preventable deaths are the third leading cause of death in the country. In 2017, there were more than 4,414

Kappa

Kappa

The Kappa statistic measures inter-rater reliability for categorical items. It is widely used to indicate the degree of agreement between the assessments provided by multiple appraisers (observers), typically during the inspection of products and equipment. Kappa calculates the ratio of the number of times appraisers actually agree that there is a defect/not a defect, to the

Wire Colors

Wire Colors

Working with a tangle of live wires and electricity is much safer when adhering to industry color codes. Wire colors are often the quickest way an electrician or qualified worker can identify the electrical wire they are working with. It’s critical for anyone who will be working with wires on a daily basis to have a

Emergency Exit

Emergency Exit

Every facility is required by law to have an OSHA-compliant emergency exit plan. Emergency exits are an element of emergency exit routes which OSHA defines as “a continuous and unobstructed path of exit travel from any point within a workplace to a place of safety.” The three components of an exit route are as follows:

ESD

ESD

Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is a rapid transfer of static charge between two different objects. People most commonly experience ESD when they touch metal after walking on carpet and receive a small shock. This shock typically doesn’t cause any harm. In some cases, however, even a small amount of ESD can damage an object. ESD is

Lean Production

Lean Production

Lean production, a term used interchangeably with Lean manufacturing, aims to eliminate waste, maximize efficiency, and improve quality by adopting a mindset of continuous improvement. The methodology of Lean production was first developed by the Toyota Motor Corporation in the 1950s and 1960s who titled their revolutionary manufacturing principles the Toyota Production System. Taiichi Ohno, considered

Neutral Wire

Neutral Wire

Neutral wires are not as neutral as they sound, often carrying the same amount of electricity as any other wire in the power system. In a confusing tangle of cables and wires, industry standard wire color codes are used to communicate to electricians, maintenance workers, and employees the function of the wire how many volts that particular

Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S)

Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S)

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a severely hazardous gas that is colorless, highly flammable, and has a trademark “rotten egg” smell. Like many other gases, it naturally exists within the air in small and unharmful concentrations. While limited exposure and its side effects can be treated, there are no antidotes to H2S gas poisoning and high concentrations

Variance Inflation Factor (VIF)

Variance Inflation Factor (VIF)

VIF, the Variance Inflation Factor, is used during regression analysis to assess whether certain factors are correlated to each other and the severity of this correlation. It measures how much an dependent factor (such as the sales for a specific product) varies due to the influence of other factors (such as the season/weather). Essentially, the VIF

Fire Hazard

Fire Hazard

Did you know there were nearly 500,000 structure fires in 2017? Occupational fires are devastating an have the potential to result in fatalities and massive amounts of property loss. The most effective action for preventing fires is by thoroughly assessing your workplace to identify and remedy fire hazards. Electrical Hazards: NFPA estimates electrical distribution and lighting equipment as

Chemical-Resistant Gloves

Chemical-Resistant Gloves

OSHA mandates employers to select and require workers to wear the right safety gloves for the job. Employers must assess the needs and hazards of their workplace to determine what properties (materials, thickness, and length) the gloves will need to adequately protect employees. The first step is to identify what chemicals are being handled and consult

Equipment Operator

Equipment Operator

Equipment operators are skilled workers trained in driving, maneuvering, and controlling heavy equipment or machinery used in industry. A qualified equipment operator is not only in charge of driving or maneuvering machinery, but is also responsible for conducting preventive maintenance, performing daily safety checks, and safely starting and stopping the equipment. They will need to follow safety

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